Adapted from Quentin Skinner 1978; The Foundation of Modern Political Thought Vol 1: The Renaissance
"The works of the past appear to the scholar as pictures in a gallery - an array of discrete entities. The temptation to construe this array as an organic and continuous growth is well-nigh irresistible to those who confine their interest to the historical records of creative expression. What is ignored in this imagery are the intervening areas in which men act and react as social beings."
Thus, while ideas have intellectual origins and may exert intellectual influence, these relationships and lines of development are mediated by social factors - the acts of people as social beings. These factors may relate to professional and political considerations.
Adapted from Karl Mannheim 1956; "The Illusion of the Immanent Flow of Ideas"; Essays on the Sociology of Culture.
"Decades after decades, past leaders and present leaders face one another in the final of the world cup... Victory goes now to one side, now to the other, but the enthusiasm of players and spectators alike ensures that the loser will take its revenge. Perhaps this interminable dispute reflects issues of such supreme difficulty and significance that agreement can never be reached. Critics and supporters can only cheer and jeer, and label his opponent a moral leper or a disingenuous romantic."
Adapted from Tony Honore, 1973; Groups, Laws and Obedience