It is universally impossible to make everyone equal. The police have power to arrest where ordinary citizens don't have. Diplomats have immunity, judges have immunity, legislators have immunity, the king is above law... all of which ordinary citizens do not share the same privileges. These are references that indicate equality does not mean being equal, per se.
Socio-political realities dictates that where a section of the community had distinct disadvantage or handicap, good government must take positive actions to assist and help elevate the lessers of the society and those deprived of a reasonable standard of living. In other words, the poor needs some help more than the rich and those in destitute conditions will need to have some privilege over those who are better off who may not enjoy those specific benefits. It's all about social leveling as can be referred to the guidance and teaching enunciated in the Bible and Quran - it is enunciated clearly - help thy neighbour and love thy neighbour.
In jurisprudence and the theory of good government, in order to provide social justice to the communities as a whole, those who are blessed must be willing to assist or accept sacrifices to benefit those in need. At such, socio-political realities dictates the existence of a balancing act. The fundamental is that the rule made to benefit some should not deprive the others to the extent that it is a detriment and empirical marginalisation.
Take another example: the rich pays income tax of which, theorethically, the monies are used for development projects, education, health care, etc of which the primary beneficiaries are the poor who didn't pay tax. So, if you talk in literal sense, it is unfair as the monies contributed by the rich in the form of taxation did little to benefit them. In Western countries, they had social security of which the rich are taxed heavily to subsidised the poor via social security schemes. You see, it is socio-political jurisprudence, the application of good governance and natural law theory. We got to be open minded; likewise, it should be remembered that the poor, must include all within the community - the Malay, the Chinese, the Indians, Sarawakian and Sabahan natives, etc; all do deserve aids and assistance.
However, note that two wrongs do not make one right. If there is a wrong, the government had to be corrected and if it is not, then the citizens had to put their voice in the ballot boxes. That's democracy.
A law is a command which obliges every citizen to a course of conduct and proceeds by way of a relationship of "superiority"; we can call it positive law.
Human power is embedded in reciprocal relationships and government can be toppled by the peoples' resistance.
The science of jurisprudence distinguishes positive law and the rules created by political will which are called "the reasons". The key is understanding the nature of command that is positive law. A command is an expression of a wish, a significant desire, which is distinguish by the power and the purpose of the government commanding to inflict pain (sanctions) in case the desire be disregarded. Being liable to evil, the government commanded is bound or obliged by the same command and are equally placed under a duty to obey it.
Secure knowledge will provide and serve as the foundation and structures of the new social order. The modern science of government is to be a governmentality of law and knowledge, not of arbitrary desires; while society is a relationship of men dominating another men and women; the domination structuring modern society is to operate according to law, guided by knowledge and confidence in its justice (utility).
This essay is dedicated to my esteem blogger pal, Lucia, sister in Christ.